" ' Baroness Orczy (1865-1947)---whose full name was Emmuska Magdalena Rosalia Marie Joepha Barbara, Baroness Orczy---was born in Hungary, and was educated in Brussels, Paris, and London. Her father was a well-known composer and conductor, and introduced young Emma to famous composers such as Wagner and Liszt. She began writing for magazines in the 1890s. She wrote several children's books before turning to historical fiction in 1899 with THE EMPEROR'S CANDLESTICKS. Though she did not know English before moving to London, she wrote all her books in that language. Her great fame rests on THE SCARLET PIMPERNEL./ It was rejected by every publisher who saw it. The baroness and her husband then turned it into a play, and its success on stage captured the public's attention. It finally appeared in book form, in 1905. / Among her many titles, it is the only one that has stood the test of time.